MORE THAN 1000 ISLANDS

 

According to latest data which amounts to 1244 islands, 66 of them are inhabited. More than 90% of the islands, cliffs and reefs found in the Adriatic Sea are in Croatia.

UNESCO`S CULTURAL HERITAGE

 

With 13 entries on UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, Croatia is, with Spain, the European country with the highest number of entries.

PROTECTED LANDSCAPES

Almost 10% of the country is protected within 11 nature parks, 8 national parks and two strict nature reserves.

THE LARGEST AND MOST PRESERVED AMPHITEATER

 

The Amphitheater in Pula (Istria region) is one of only 3 preserved in the world, which was once the site of gladiator fights. Built in the 1st century AD during the reign of Emperor Vespasian, it is the 6th largest amphitheatre in existence, could host 25,000 spectators. Today it is used for large cultural and sporting events.

DIOCLETIAN'S PALACE - THE BIGGEST AND WELL PRESERVED LATE ANTIQUE PALACE IN THE WORLD

 

The city of Split, where Diocletian's Palace is found, constructed around the year 295, actually is a city which was created from the palace. Diocletian's Palace is maybe the only cultural monument in the world where people still actually live. The palace is included on UNESCO list of world heritage and it's one of the most well preserved monuments of Roman construction in the world.

THE SMALLEST TOWN IN THE WORLD

Hum in Istria is the smallest town in the world. This fortress town, partly enclosed by defence walls, and partly by conjoined house walls, and which is entered by a town gate, has 30 residents according to the 2011 census.

THE NARROWEST STREET IN THE WORLD

According to the Guinness Book of Records, the narrowest street in the world, Grškovićeva street, is in Croatia, within the city of Vrbnik on the island of Krk. The street is ten meters long, with houses on both sides and its width usually doesn't exceed the width of a grown man’s shoulders.

NEANDHERTAL MUSEUM IN KRAPINA

 

Dragutin Gorjanović Kramberger discovered the richest collection of remains of Neanderthal people in the world on a site. The Krapina Neanderthal Museum covers a surface area of around 1,200 m² and is one of the most modern museums in Croatia and central Europe.

THE OLDEST CATHEDRAL IN THE WORLD

It is situated in Split, as part of Diocletian palace. Saint Domnius cathedral was built as emperor's mausoleum 1700 years ago.

EUROPE'S OLDEST PUBLIC THEATRE

Hvar's theatre was opened in1612 and from the very beginning it has been public theatre, which was almost unthinkable at the time. In the chronology of Europe's oldest theatres it lands in third place.

SEA ORGANS IN ZADAR

 

Sea organs are different from classical organs by the fact that the energy for creating sound is given by the sea or more precisely, sea waves. You can find those organs on the seafront of the town of Zadar. On that part of the seafront it has cascaded levels 75 meters long (90 yards) with the tones and chords made on the matrix of Dalmatian song. Sea organs were opened in 2005 and their creator, engineer Nikola Bašić, won the European award for urban public space for that project.

THE PULA FILM FESTIVAL

It is held every summer in the Pula Arena, was launched in 1954 and is one of the oldest film festivals in the world.

THE TIE COMES FROM CROATS

 

The tie is originally a Croatian product which was spread throughout Europe in the 17th century through mediation of Croatian soldiers, visually recognizable by this distinct fashionable detail.

DALMATIAN DOGS

 

They originate from Dalmatian Riviera and were “spotted” in a 17th Century oil painting in monastery in Dalmatia – this is thought to be the first record of the infamous pooch.

 
KING OF THE ELECTRICITY

 

Nikola Tesla inventor of alternating current was born in 1856 in the small village of Smiljan in Croatia. Thanks to his invention we nowadays use everyday devices such as televisions, computers, and refrigerators, that is, almost everything that surrounds us.

MECHANICAL PENCIL

 

Penkala (mechanical pencil) was invented by Slavoljub Penkala in 1906, and the patent was registered in 35 countries through the world. Company TOZ – Penkala (Zagreb pencil factory), still exists today in Zagreb.

THE FIRST TORPEDO

It was constructed by Ivan Lupis Vukić in the 19th century in the city of Rijeka, in its Whitehead factory.

THE OLDEST HYDROELECTRIC PLANT IN EUROPE

 

The hydroelectric plant Jaruga on the Krka River is the oldest hydroelectric plant in Europe and the second oldest in the world. Indeed, it is primarily thanks to the famous Croatian-born American inventor Nikola Tesla that it was put into service on 28 August 1895, just three days after the first hydroelectric plant in the world on the Niagara Falls was put into service according to his patents.

THE FIRST ELECTRIFIED CITY IN EUROPE

The first city in Europe and 2nd in the world with public electric lights was Šibenik, in 19th century, thanks to invention of Nikola Tesla.

CROATIAN CSI GIL GRISSOM

Ivan Vučetić - criminologist and anthropologist, was born on the island of Hvar (later emigrated in Argentina). He is a pioneer of scientific dactiloscopy (identification by fingerprints) and his methods of identification were and are used worldwide.

FAMOUS MAG-LITE FLASHLIGHTS

 

Anthony Maglica, the owner of the well-known company Mag-Lite, comes from Zlarin island from Dalmatia. Mag-Lite flashlights are among the ten most famous American export products, used by astronauts and deep sea explorers, amongst others.

MARCO POLO

 

Marco Polo, a 13th century Venetian explorer of the Far East, was born on the island of Korčula, according to one claim. There is no direct evidence for the claim, but research has shown that a Venetian trading family, the Polos, did in fact come from Korčula.

RICHARD THE LIONHEART IN DUBROVNIK

On his return from the crusades in the year 1192 was saved off Dubrovnik

THE LARGEST TRUFFLE IN THE WORLD

 

Giancarlo Zigante, a local caterer and truffle hunter, and his dog, Diana, dug up one of the largest truffles ever found weighing 1.31 kg, on 2 November 1999 not far from Buje. The Guinness World Records listed this truffle as the largest in the world.

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

Shakespeare's Twelfth Night was staged in Dalmatia.

AGATHA CHRISTIE IN CROATIA

The most famous detective stories writer spent her second honeymoon in Dubrovnik and Split.

JAMES JOYCE TAUGHT IN PULA

The Irish writer James Joyce, while searching for work in Europe, found a job in Pula in the autumn of 1904. He went there with his wife-to-be, Nora Barnacle. They stayed for four months, during which time Joyce taught English at the Berlitz School for Austro-Hungarian Officers.

JULES VERNE NOVEL

The French writer Jules Verne placed his novel Mathias Sandorf, published in 1885, in Istria. He was attracted by the picturesque gorge of the River Pazinčica, with Kaštel above it. He was not the only one – this scene has often inspired the imagination.

WINNETOU FILM

 

The film about the Indian Winnetou has been filmed at the national parks Plitvice and Krka.

GAME OF THRONES

 

The popular HBO TV series has been filmed in Croatia on locations in Dubrovnik, Split and Šibenik. For those who would like to visit the filming locations there are many organised tours.

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